Indira Social Welfare Organisation

Media, Gender, and National Identity in Almaty, Kazakhstan Inquiry Journal

It is a land rich in natural resources, with recent oil discoveries putting it among the world leaders in potential oil reserves. The newly independent Republic of Kazakhstan ranks ninth in the world in geographic size and is the largest country in the world without an ocean port.

  • Your tax deductible gift can help stop human rights violations and save lives around the world.
  • In Figure 4, below, Level 1 objectification is the lowest and is defined by a human character who is used to sell a product in a highly relevant way that does not rely solely on their appearance.
  • The dramatic scenario of the AIDS/HIV spread in other countries can be repeated in Kazakhstan where the society is not ready to independently cope with the solution of this problem.
  • Kazakhstan women want a man who is going to lead the interaction, so don’t be afraid to make decisions on the venue and time.
  • It is perhaps not surprising that the name Sapura/Sapara Matenkyzy – a warrior woman who led units of up to 10,000 people in the 18th century does not sound familiar to most people.
  • There are so many police and so many different units that it is often that jurisdiction is unclear.

Kazakhs are historically a nomadic people, and thus many of their cultural symbols reflect nomadic life. The horse is probably the most central part of Kazakh culture. Kazakhs love horses, riding them for transportation in the villages, using them for farming, racing them for fun, and eating them for celebrations. Many Kazakhs own horses and keep pictures of them in their houses or offices. Also a product of their formally nomadic lives is the yurt, a Central Asian dwelling resembling a tepee, which was transportable and utilitarian on the harsh Central Asian steppe.

“The Breath of the Government on My Back”

In some cases, it is contemplative or philosophical, expressing the views of a küishi on the meaning of life. Still others celebrate the beauty of the steppe or of particular landscapes. Several küis have arisen in response to major historical events. In short, küis encapsulate an entire picture of the nomads’ diverse and multifaceted world. Küis may also be performed on instruments other than the dombyra, one of which, the two-string fiddle qobyz, was featured in this concert.

how to marry a russian bride

They accompany themselves on the dombyra, a two-stringed, long-necked lute. Ulzhan Baibosynova learned this bastau from Bidas Rustembekov, a well-known zhyrau who lives in the vicinity of Qyzylorda in central Kazakhstan. Bidas Rustembekov learned it from his father, Rustembek-zhyrau, who learned it from his own father, Zhienbai-zhyrau, the composer of the bastau. After the Soviets came to power in Turkmenistan, the struggle was just against wearing a borik. The final knell sounded in the 1970s, when collective farmers began to receive passports. One had to be photographed without a headdress for a passport photo. The desire for a passport was stronger than the urge to cover one’s head.

International Women’s Day march in Almaty, Kazakhstan, March 8, 2021. Assemgul Temirkhanova, 37, is a national golden grappling champion in Kazakhstan challenging gender stereotypes in sports and beyond. Temirkhanova studied Librarian and Information Sciences in the USA, and for many years has been working as a leading librarian at Nazarbayev University in Nur-Sultan, Kazakhstan. Nevertheless, persistent gender imbalances remain, particularly for wages and access to employment and career opportunities. In 2022, the gender wage gap in 2022 was 21.7 per cent in favor of men. I’m all about slow traveling & enjoying the world together with my family.

The Most Important Thing to Know About Kazakhstan Women

Women had to understand that marriage and divorce, childbearing and childbirth, housekeeping and the possibility of public work were all now in their hands. Assessing the work of the women’s departments today, many scientists believe that it was declarative in nature. The heaps of documents left behind by these departments are considered paperwork. But I believe that the women’s departments—both in Kazakhstan and throughout the Soviet Union—did a tremendous amount of work that had no immediate impact, but rather effects of a delayed nature. Thus, Kazakh society had clearly delineated gender roles and stereotypes of behavior that maintained the gender order based on the patriarchal bargain between man and woman.

It’s a country that is severely underrated by digital nomads and regular travelers. Kazakhstan’s first female presidential candidate Dania Espaeva participated in the 2019 presidential elections. As a Mazhilis MP, Espaeva was nominated from the Ak Zhol Democratic Party and was one of seven candidates. International Women’s Day is an official state holiday in Kazakhstan. The maternal mortality rate in Kazakhstan is 12 deaths/100,000 live births . The total fertility rate is 2.31 children born/woman , which is slightly above the replacement rate.

A more traditional Central Asian dish, although not conclusively Kazakh, is manti, a large dough pocket filled with meat, onions, and sometimes pumpkin. Oil money, foreign investments, and a new management style have created a whole new style in Kazakhstan. The big cities have casinos, Turkish fast food restaurants, and American steak houses; modern bowling alleys and movie theaters are opening up amid old and decaying Soviet buildings. Private homes are also changing; sometimes next to or between old Soviet-style one-story austere houses, new two- and three-story houses with two-car garages and large, fenced-in yards are being built. While work and utilitarianism had definite effects on Kazakhstan’s architecture, so did the belief in unity and the rights of the people.

Kazakhstan was ranked 30th out of 144 countries in gender equality in a 2016 report conducted by nonprofit organization Save the Children. The ranking places Kazakhstan ahead of countries such as the U.S. and Japan. Kazakhstan ranked 51st out of 144 countries in the World Economic Forum’s 2017 Gender Equality Index. Citizen and foreign women and girls have been victims of sex trafficking in Kazakhstan. They are raped and physically and psychologically harmed in brothels, businesses, hotels, homes, and other locations throughout the country.

The authorities routinely deny permission to hold peaceful protests, forcibly disperse demonstrations, and fine or detain peaceful protesters. During 2021, the police have increasingly used the controversial crowd control tactic known as kettling – surrounding and confining protestors in small areas – to detain groups on the street for hours on end. The officials asked the organizers to withdraw their application for the march. The activists refused and told officials that they would insist on their right to hold the march.

Pension levels have not kept up with inflation, and pensions are rarely paid on time, with those elderly, disabled, or unemployed often going months without payment. The major industries of Kazakhstan are oil, coal, ore, lead, zinc, gold, silver, metals, construction materials, and small motors. Kazakhstan produces 40 percent of the world’s chrome ore, second only to South Africa.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *